The UK government has set out its approach to the new border between the UK and the EU which will come into force from 1 January 2021 and is not dependent on the outcome of the free trade negotiations. It is important to remember that there are likely to be different requirements for goods moving between England, Scotland and Wales (known as GB) and Northern Ireland and these are still under discussion.
Full import controls into EU from GB are expected from 1/1/21.
There will be a staged approach to the introduction of the border for goods coming into GB from the EU, which is set out below:
1 January 2021
Businesses in England, Scotland and Wales (GB) importing goods from EU suppliers will need to prepare for basic customs requirements, consider how to account for and pay VAT on imported goods (postponed accounting for VAT reg), and will then have up to 6 months to prepare customs declarations. Any customs duty due can be deferred until the customs declaration is made. UK safety and security declarations will not be required for 6 months.
Standard customs declarations will be needed for controlled goods and excise goods, there will be physical checks at point of destination for all high-risk live animals and plants and a requirement to pre notify some movements, but not required to enter through a Border Control Post (BCP).
Export declarations and UK exit safety and security declarations needed for all goods. CTC users will need to follow all transit procedures. A goods vehicle movement system will be introduced from 1/1/21 for transit movements only.
All products of animal origin (POAO) and regulated plants and plant products will require pre notification and health documentation. Physical checks continue at point of destination.
Traders moving any goods into GB from the EU will need to make full customs declarations at point of importation and pay all relevant tariffs. Full safety and security declarations required, goods for SPS controls need to be presented at BCPs, physical check and taking of samples will increase. GVMS in place for all imports, exports and transit at border locations choosing to use it.
Key issues to consider and further information are as follows: